UNESCO, UNODC, UNWTO, HC, RCRC: writing a resolution (sc below)
CFMUNESCO is a resolution based conference. We expect delegates to come with a draft resolution on their topics. However, although a main submitter could contribute the most, resolutions are not written by one member state, but are a combined effort between different member states that have taken interest in that specific issue. A resolution is a formal document that reflects the decisions and future directions of topics within a Committee. It consists of a long sentence divided into clauses, which is composed of three sections: the head, the preamble and the operative clauses.
The head appears at the top of every resolution; it does not contribute to the content of the document, but it addresses the Committee. The head must contain the conference name, committee name, title of the resolution, list of sponsors, and list of signatories.
Example of the Head
QUESTION OF: Promoting local sustainability and providing benefits to small scale farmers
MAIN-SUBMITTER: El Salvador CO-SUBMITTERS: Japan, Albania, Bosnia, Turkmenistan, Colombia, Sudan, Nigeria, Sweden, Burkina Faso, Bolivia, Kuwait, Brazil, Republic Of Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Libya, Cuba.
The preamble follows the head and forms the first part of the resolution. The preamble contains the preambulatory clauses, which may include some background on the topic, recall previous resolutions on the topic and state the focus of the current resolution. Each perambulatory clause begins with a verb in the present continuous tense (ending in “ing” or “ed”) and ends with a comma. All preambulatory clauses must be written in italics and not be numbered. Moreover, all acronyms must be fully written out before appearing in the abbreviated form.
In the perambulatory clauses it is appropriate to:
− Recall any passed UN resolutions on the issue;
− Mention any other organizations involved in the situation;
− State recent facts about the issue;
− Use statistics where applicable;
− Refer to developing or developed countries.
Commonly Used Preambulatory Clauses
Affirming, Alarmed by, Aware of, Believing, Bearing in mind, Convinced, Declaring, Deeply concerned, Deeply regretting, Emphasizing, Expressing its appreciation, Fully aware, Fully believing, Having considered further, Having examined, Keeping in mind, Noting with deep concern, Observing, Realizing, Recalling, Recognizing, Taking into account, Taking into consideration, Welcoming.
Example of a Preambulatory Clause
Further convinced that science and technology plays a necessary role in achieving environmental protection and human development in order to get access to knowledge to develop strategies for sustainable development,
The Operative Clauses
While the preamble gives a general overview of the background of the resolution, without giving concrete actions and solutions, the operative clauses outline recommendations and concrete actions to work out the issue. Operative clauses should be numbered and begin with a verb in the present tense (bold and underlined). Strong operative clauses not only explain what can be done, but may have possible sub-clauses on how it could be achieved.
• Sub-clauses are lettered: a), b), c);
• Sub-sub-clauses are numbered: I), II), III);
• All Operative clauses must end in semi-colons (;);
• No Clause-Opening words should be repeated in the resolution (use a similar word to it, or add “Further” or “Strongly” before it);
• All acronyms must be fully written out before appearing in the abbreviated form.
Commonly Used Operative Clauses
Affirms, Approves, Authorizes, Calls for, Confirms, Considers, Declares accordingly, Deplores, Draws the attention, Encourages, Expresses its appreciation, Expresses its hope, Further invites, Have resolved, Proclaims, Reaffirms, Recommends, Regrets, Reminds, Requests, Solemnly affirms, Strongly condemns, Supports, Trusts, Takes note of, Urges.
Example of an Operative Clause
1. Recommends Member States to provide clear land rights to the poorest communities, in order to, among the others:
a) restore or maintain environmental resources,
b) prevent land grabs by private entities, which would, among the others:
i) deprive the smallholders of their land,
ii) create an unstable environment,
c) create innovative agricultural programs aiming to provide environmental services;
As the Security Council is an Ad Hoc Committee, delegates will not be requested to bring a draft resolution to the conference; instead they will present single clauses that will be debated individually. For this reason the preparation is essential: only if the delegates will have an in-depth knowledge of the issue they will be able to produce effective clauses. The structure of the resolution that will be eventually produced is the same as for the other committees, and is previously described.