The UNESCO Committee, which represents the peculiarity of our MUN conference since the beginning, thanks to the fact that our town, Cividale del Friuli, is part of the UNESCO World Heritage List since 2011. The debate within the UNESCO Committee focuses on issues concerning the promotion of education, science, culture and sustainable development. In the past years, we have debated about freedom of expression, ethnical minorities, and this edition we will discuss about the promotion of values through sport and about natural disaster and risk reduction in schools and UNESCO sites. These two issues are two really hot topics, since that natural disasters are keeping destroy communities, since more and more people talk about sport as a tool for development and peace purposes. UNESCO is ready to play its part in world goals, creating the conditions for dialogue among civilizations, cultures and peoples.
The Historical Committee “1919 - Time for Peace” simulates the League of Nations debates, covering the events from the 1919 Paris Peace Conference to the 1938 Munich Conference. Students do not represent Countries, as in the diplomatic simulations, but the actual historical characters involved in the events on debate. Considering the relevance of the Committee and in order to underline its connection with the territory and with the overall commemorations related with the Centenary of WW1, the Historical Committee debates are hosted by the Town Hall of Cividale del Friuli and the Historical Committee Staff work in cooperation with the Municipalities of Cividale del Friuli and the Regional Committee of the Italian Red Cross. The Historical Committee is the first Committee worldwide dedicated to the First World War in diplomatic simulations for High School students
The International Conference of Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is a unique feature of CFMUNESCO. This committee has been structured according to the actual procedures of the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent. Each Country is represented by two delegates from the same school, one representing the Government of the Country itself (for example France, Spain, Italy etc.) whereas the other representing the Red Cross or Red Crescent National Society of the same Country (for example the France Red Cross etc.). ICRC committee is managed together with the Italian Red Cross and deals with humanitarian issues. This year we will focus on the protection of health care in danger and of humanitarian volunteers ‘safety and on the displacement due to natural disasters.
The Commission on the Status of Women, aimed at promoting women’s rights and value, will focus on reproductive technologies and the role of women in post-war societies. This committee is going to concentrate on the promotion of the empowerment of women and gender equality. We will deal with very interesting and engaging topics concerning the condition of women in present and past society under many different points of view.
The World Health Organization, aiming at solving burning disputes concerning health, patients’ rights and procedures in order to build a better, healthier future for people all over the world. This year’s debates will be focused on two issues that are both very current and critical such as the diffusion of vaccines on a worldwide level and the regulation for the use of stem cells.
The United Nations’ Security Council is responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security. Its role is tackling threats to the pace or acts of aggression. The Council - consisting of 15 Members with a vote each - holds a debate to address the issue using peaceful means. It eventually entails some required measures, which might include the imposition of sanctions and the use of force, too. In the Security Council, five members out of fifteen have a permanent seat under the UN Charter of 1945 - China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States. These have the distinctive feature of having the power of “veto”, that means they can prevent the adoption of any “substantive” draft Council resolition. Nevertheless, delegates have to use it properly, avoiding personal interests. During the preparation preceding the conference, delegates are advised to follow day by day news related to the topics to discuss. They should also prepare clauses to be discussed to the other members, since the resolution about each topic will be written by all fifteen members together during the conference. After debating each clause, the resolution will be voted as a whole.